Now that your loved one has agreed to get help for his/her addiction, you may be searching for the most effective type of therapy. There are programs designed to change the way your relative thinks about alcohol and drugs, as well as treatments that focus on how to ensure that your loved one can successfully become a successful member of society again.
Here are a few therapy options that have proven to be effective, and may work to help restore your relative’s physical and mental health.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, also referred to as CBT, is developed specifically to prevent relapse after addiction treatment. The therapy focuses on the learning process of the client and therapists help individuals to identify harmful behaviours. After the behaviours have been pinpointed, your relative’s therapist will come up with a detail treatment plan to change these behaviours by using a variety of skills. CBT also helps patients to see how their addictions can cause a host of problems that they may not have considered before.
Part of CBT also involves coming up with healthy ways to manage stress, and coming up with strategies to avoid dangerous situations. According to research, patients use the tactics learned in CBT long after the treatment is over, which is another reason this method may be ideal.
Contingency management involves giving patients rewards or incentives for remaining sober. Voucher-based reinforcement falls into this category, and allows patients to get a monetary voucher each time they produce a drug-free urine sample. The voucher can be exchanged for food or entertainment like passes to the movie theatre.
Prize incentives are also part of contingency management and cash prizes are given to patients instead of vouchers. For instance, during rehab, patients could win cash prizes for each week or month they remain sober. The prizes could also include items that will directly assist patients in achieving their sobriety goals, such as additional counselling sessions or nutritional therapy.
Family Behaviour Therapy
Family behaviour therapy can be beneficial for both patients and their relatives, and works well for both adults and adolescents. This type of therapy not only focuses on the drug or alcohol addiction, but explores other problems that are occurring in the patient’s family, such as mistreatment, depression, family conflicts and unemployment. All of these factors could make it easier for a person to abuse alcohol or drugs. The counsellor will likely talk to those who are closest to the patient and help them in managing and eliminating these factors, so that the home environment is as stable and positive as possible.
Family behaviour therapy could also explore the addictions of other people in the family. This is especially helpful in cases that involve adolescents and young adults, and gives insight into why the patient feels that drug addiction or alcohol abuse is normal behaviour.
All of these therapies can be beneficial in helping your relative to understand the negative and detrimental effects of addiction. You may find that one of these counselling methods is especially effective for your loved one, but it may be necessary to try a combination of therapies for your loved one to get the desired result.