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Come to know more about Opioids and opioid abstinence

Opioids or opioids are drugs used to treat pain. The term narcotic refers to either type of drug.

If you stop taking them or reduce the dose of these drugs after an intense use of a few weeks or more, you will have a number of symptoms. This is called abstinence.

Causes

In 2014 in the United States, about 435,000 people used heroin. In the same year, about 4.3 million people consumed narcotic analgesics in a non-medicinal way. This means that they took narcotics that were not prescribed to them. Analgesic narcotics include:

  • Codeine
  • Heroin
  • Hydrocodone (Vicodin)
  • Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
  • Methadone
  • Meperidine (Demerol)
  • Morphine

Withdrawal Suboxone is the latest development of opioid dependence. The problem lies in the continued use of Buprenorphine HCl, the largest active ingredient in Suboxone. HCl buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist, which means that it is also an opioid itself.

The lasting use of Suboxone is not a detoxification action, but rather an opioid substitution program. Suboxone has a second active ingredient, naloxone, which is a mu opioid receptor antagonist. Together buprenorphine and naloxone show great promise for the treatment of opiate addiction in a safe and effective place. However, the long-term use of Suboxone has a relatively high risk of developing buprenorphine dependence. If the long-term use of Suboxone is cut then the Suboxone withdrawal syndrome can be as debilitating as any other opiate withdrawal, including: heroin, morphine, Vicodin, methadone, Oxycontin and Nucynta.

Opiate withdrawal timeline for all opioids are very similar, with one exception. The longer the half-life of opioid withdrawal symptoms may last longer. A sudden withdrawal of Suboxone can be very painful and uncomfortable. Suboxone withdrawal symptoms of prolonged use peaks usually within the first few days, but are usually milder in severity than what is experienced with full abstinence opioid agonists.

Said Suboxone abstinence syndrome lasts much longer then total opioid agonist withdrawal, and may last several weeks, with different effects that may include:

  • Depression
  • Humor changes
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Sever Anxiety
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Stuffy nose
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Insomnia
  • Shaking chills
  • Perspiration

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