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Causes & Severity of Brain Damages

Brain injury damages brain tissues by weakening the cells or destructing the same. Such an injury may result from stroke, trauma or other types of illness. According to a revelation by Brain Injury Association of America, nearly 2.6 million of people suffer brain injury every year in the country. Approximately 52,000 Americans die of traumatic brain injury whereas more than 5 millions of people require someone’s assistance to perform daily activities after suffering traumatic brain injury. The National Stroke Association has revealed that about 130,000 Americans succumb to stroke every year.

Different Types of Brain Injury

All traumatic brain injuries involve head injuries but not vice versa. Brain injuries are mainly of two types – Acquired Brain Injury or ABI and Traumatic Brain Injury or TBI.

Sometimes, these two terms are used interchangeably. However, both cause disruptions in brain’s normal activities.

Acquired Brain Injury

It affects the cellular level. Most often, such brain injury is related to the pressure exerted on the brain. It could result from a brain tumor or neurological problems (in case of a stroke).

Traumatic Brain Injury

External forces – for example, a blow to head – causes traumatic brain injury. Such forces damage the skull or push the brain inside the skull.

None of these brain injuries is an in-born fatality and degenerative. These happen only after birth. However, a particular type of brain injury is caused by genetics. It’s known as congenital brain damage in medical term. However, it is not covered by the standard definition of traumatic brain injury or brain damage.

Some brain injuries result into localized or focal brain damage. For example, a bullet-hit brain suffers such kind of damage. This damage affects only a small area. Close injuries affecting head usually result into diffuse brain damage. That means such damage is not confined to only a small part of the brain and affects several areas of the same. For example, damages to both sides of the bran and also the nerve network throughout the same exhibit such type of injury. In medical jargon, it is defined as Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI).

Severity of Brain Injury

All brain injuries are not same and their severity depends on the type of injury. If the brain injury is of mild type, suffering lasts only for a short period of time. In moderate type of brain injury, symptoms are more evident and suffering lasts longer. However, in both types of injuries, there is a greater chance of recovery for the patients. Unfortunately, 15% of patients, who have recovered from mild brain injury, will suffer persistent problems within one year of their successful treatment.

Debilitating problems are common among the persons with a grave brain injury. The problems are most likely to last forever. It will leave the person impaired from physical and behavioral perspective. If someone has gone into coma or is minimally responsive, he/she will have to depend on others until the last breath.

A person, who has suffered brain injury due to other’s fault, should approach a Seattle brain injury lawyer to file a compensation claim.

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