When you come across the phrase recombinant bovine somatotropin, a few questions evokes in your mind. What is it? What are its effects? Is it meant for cattle or humans, or both? Are there any differences between the recombinant forms of human growth hormone with this product? This article will provide the apt answer to all these questions that might concern your thoughts.
What is Recombinant bovine somatotropin?
The bovine somatotropin is the growth hormone produced in the pituitary gland of the cattle. This drug is not used for the treatment of deficiency diseases related to humans. The recombinant form of the hormone was once used by the farmers to trigger milk production in cattle. This synthetically manufactured hormone was first approved by the FDA in 1993 for use for dairy purposes. However, several other countries like Canada and the European Union vehemently rejected the proposal. Although the drug is designed for cows, it is has been abused by bodybuilders and athletes by misusing it for enhanced body growth. Now, obtaining milk from cattle treated with the recombinant form of this growth hormone has been discontinued; you will no longer get milk containing the recombinant product.
How does it differ from the recombinant human growth hormone?
If we look into the chemical structure of both the products, there will be an observable difference in one amino acid between the two hormones. However, such a change does not affect its basic use for stimulating the production of milk. Both the hormones initiate the synthesis of another growth factor called IGF-1 or Insulin-like growth factor 1. This hormone also functions in triggering growth and maintaining blood sugar levels in the body.
Is it legal to take rBST?
The underlying reason for the ban of the rBST is the issues regarding the effect of the hormone on the milk of the cow and its subsequent impact on human beings. It is important to decipher the level of growth hormone in the milk of the cows treated with rBST. This will give an idea about the effect that this product will have on the body.
There are concerns regarding the effect of these elevated levels of the growth hormone on the incidence of cancer. Moreover, the recombinant hormone also has the potential to result in a number of infections. Although one can argue that these infections can be taken care of by antibiotic treatment, a consistent addition of these antibiotics in milk might result in antibiotic resistance in infection-causing microorganisms.
The above-mentioned points are some of the concerns revolving around the rBST product. Extensive researches are being carried out in this particular field, but conclusive results are yet to be obtained. Administration of the drug has been found to result in serious health issues in cattle; the chances of similar results in human are being worked upon in the laboratories. However, theillegal use of this particular drug has been continued in several places. The product has been literally abused by bodybuilders and athletes to increase their muscle mass and strength. If you wish to know more about this product, check the different websites that will provide you with the details of the drug.